Anatot was founded in 1982 and is home to about 270 families today. The town was established by a group of ideological individuals who sought to create a secular community and chose this gorgeous desert landscape above a flowing stream, Ein Prat. The town’s population is diverse and includes young couples, families with children of all ages, new immigrants and native Israelis. Among the residents are various professionals, artists, police and military officers, employees and business people. Most of the residents work in the Jerusalem area and recently, a few businesses have been opened in Anatot itself.